Finger arthroplasty, also referred to as finger joint replacement surgery, is an orthopaedic surgical procedure. This procedure is a very uncommon form of treatment.
Arthroplasty restores the functionality of a joint and is effective against stiffness, pain and swelling. The surgeon either inserts a partial prosthesis onto the surface of the joint or completely replaces it. Simply put, the damaged joint is replaced, remodeled and/or realigned with a durable artificial one.
The hand consists of several groups of joints that act as hinges when the fingers retract and extend.
Arthroplasty treats articular cartilage that is damaged or wears out over time. Patients often experience symptoms such as pain, stiffness and inflammation in the fingers.