- Patient undergoes general (whole body) or local anesthesia (topical)
- He or she is covered with a sterile drape to prevent exposure to bacteria
- The skin at the area of operation is disinfected with an anti-bacterial solution
- In most cases two to three small incisions are made by the hip joint
- Sterile salt water (saline) is pumped into the joint to expand it; this creates space for the arthroscope and other medical tools to be guided to the problem area
- The arthroscope, once inserted into the joint, aids the surgeon in his investigation and operation of any trauma, disease or degenerative changes
- Treatment is carried out through the second or third incision; it often involves the removal of damaged soft tissue or bone
- The incisions are sutured and a sterile bandage is applied
An Arthroscope is a slender telescope fitted with a lens system and fibreoptic illumination; it projects a magnified image of the inside of a joint onto a television monitor. The surgeon uses the arthroscope to see the structures of the hip during the diagnosing or operating stage.
Hip Arthroscopy, may be recommended when a patient does not respond to non-surgical treatment. An example of this is when a patient has persisting pain that does not improve with physiotherapy, medication or injections.
Patients that are experiencing joint pain or restriction of motion may be candidates for an arthroscopy.
For non-surgical treatment please see Arthroscopy
Hip arthroscopy may treat a series problems affecting the labrum, articular cartilage or other soft tissue surrounding the joint. It is important to treat damages, as they can escalate to more severe conditions.
The damage can result from an injury or other orthopaedic conditions.